BEAUTY IN THE FRIDGE

Singapore Airlines Reports Q3 Net Loss of S$142 Million

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(05 Feb 2021) Singapore Airlines has reported a Q3 nett loss of S$142 million (approximately US$106.3 million).

International air travel demand remained severely constrained in the quarter, as border controls and travel restrictions continued to be in place in many countries amid new waves of the COVID19 infection. As a result, the SIA Group’s passenger carriage shrank 97.6% year-on-year. However, when compared to the previous quarter, passenger carriage grew 44.8% on the back of a 90.8% increase in capacity for the third quarter.

Group revenue fell $3,404 million (-76.1%) year-on-year to $1,067 million during the third quarter, as all three passenger airlines within the Group recorded a sharp drop in passenger flown revenue due to low traffic. This was partially offset by improvements in cargo flown revenue, as the global airfreight capacity crunch continued to provide strong support for both load factors and yields. In response to the continued strong demand for pharmaceutical and e-commerce shipments, and an uptick in general cargo demand, SIA added capacity by stepping up the frequency of passenger aircraft operating cargo-only flights and through the resumption of more passenger services. The utilisation of the freighter fleet was also maximised to deliver more cargo capacity.

Singapore Airlines Airbus A350-900 reg: 9V-SMS. Picture by Steven Howard of TravelNewsAsia.com Click to enlarge.

Group expenditure was down $2,624 million (-65.2%) from last year to $1,398 million. Non-fuel expenditure fell significantly year-on-year, by $1,540 million (-54.7%), on the back of cost-saving initiatives such as capacity cuts and staff-related measures, as well as government support schemes. Net fuel cost declined $933 million (-77.3%) to $274 million as capacity cuts and lower fuel prices reduced fuel cost before hedging. A net gain of $63 million was recorded for the quarter in relation to fuel hedging and fuel derivatives, comprising fuel hedging losses of $88 million, a fuel hedging ineffectiveness loss of $36 million (arising from a further downward revision to the recovery trajectory) and fair value gains of $187 million on fuel derivatives that had earlier been deemed to be ineffective hedges. As a result, the group registered an operating loss of $331 million for the quarter, a $780 million reversal from an operating profit of $449 million last year.

For the quarter ended 31 December 2020, the group reported a net loss of $142 million, a deterioration of $457 million against last year. This was primarily driven by the weaker operating performance, partially offset by a swing from tax expense to tax credit.

April to December 2020 – Profit and Loss

Group operating loss for the nine months to December 2020 was $2,194 million, a reversal of $3,056 million from the profit of $862 million for the same period last year, as travel demand deteriorated sharply since the start of the financial year.

Revenue plunged $10,094 million (-78.9%) due to weaker passenger flown revenue arising from a 98.5% drop in traffic. This was partially offset by higher cargo revenue as movements of general cargo and pharmaceuticals, as well as strong e-commerce demand, kept yields high throughout the nine months.

Expenditure fell $7,038 million (-59.0%). Net fuel cost fell $2,906 million (-81.7%) as the reduction in volume uplifted lowered fuel cost before hedging to $405 million, a decline of $3,219 million (-88.8%) from last year.

This was partially offset by fuel hedging losses of $245 million, a swing from fuel hedging gain of $68 million last year. Due to downward revisions in the recovery trajectory, expected fuel consumption was reduced, resulting in the recognition of a $497 million loss in ineffective fuel hedges.

Partially offset by fair value gains of $85 million, mark-to-market losses for the nine months stood at $412 million. Similarly, non-fuel expenditure was down $4,544 million (-54.2%) to $3,833 million, attributable to various cost-saving initiatives and government support schemes.

In addition to the weaker operating performance, there were also other non-cash items recorded during the first nine months, including an impairment charge of $1,333 million on the carrying value of older generation aircraft, a $127 million charge from the liquidation of NokScoot, and a $170 million write-down of goodwill recorded when SIA first gained control of Tiger Airways in October 2014. As a result, the group swung into a $3,609 million net loss position for the nine months ended 31 December 2020 compared to the $520 million net profit a year ago.

Q3 2020/21 – Balance Sheet

As at 31 December 2020, the group’s shareholders’ equity was $15.7 billion, an increase of $6.3 billion as compared to 31 March 2020. Cash and bank balances saw an increase of $4.4 billion, rising to $7.1 billion, while total debt balances increased by $0.4 billion to $12.2 billion due to the drawdown of new debt facilities.

Consequently, the group’s debt-equity ratio fell from 1.27 times to 0.78 times. In the first nine months of the financial year, SIA increased its liquidity by approximately $12.7 billion. In December 2020, SIA closed a five-year convertible bond issuance for $850 million and a private placement of 10-year Notes that raised $500 million.

Singapore Airlines’ Fleet and Network

The group’s fleet currently consists of 185 passenger and cargo aircraft. The passenger network is currently supported by about 64 aircraft and all seven freighters are fully utilised, whilst around 24 passenger aircraft are deployed on cargo-only services. The group has parked 123 aircraft, including the 33 surplus aircraft that were impaired in the first half. More aircraft will be re-introduced into the group’s operating fleet as the network gradually expands to match opportunities for re-opening.

Scoot Airbus A320 reg: 9V-TRO. Picture by Steven Howard of TravelNewsAsia.com Click to enlarge.

During the quarter, the group gradually expanded its operations by reinstating services to key cities as well as mounting additional frequencies to existing destinations. At the end of December 2020, SIA served 38 destinations including Singapore, up from 31 at the end of September 2020. SilkAir increased the destinations served to eight, up from six, while Scoot’s network remained unchanged with 17 destinations. By the end of December, the group’s passenger network covered 54 destinations including Singapore, compared to 43 three months ago. The group’s cargo network comprises 66 destinations (including Singapore) as at 31 December 2020, up from 62 as at 30 September 2020.

From January 2021, SIA has reinstated services to Dubai, Moscow and Munich, while Phuket will be reinstated as a SilkAir destination in February 2021. From 4 March 2021, Phuket will be transferred from SilkAir to SIA. Based on current schedules, as of end-April 2021, the group’s total passenger capacity is expected to be at around 25% of pre-COVID19 levels, and we expect to serve around 45% of the points that we flew to before the crisis.

SilkAir, Fund-Raising and Sale-Leaseback

The integration of SilkAir’s narrowbody operations with Singapore Airlines will begin on 4 March 2021, when the first SIA 737-800 NG aircraft operates on the service to Phuket.

Further to the fund-raising efforts in the first nine months of the year, SIA also issued its first USD-denominated bond in January 2021 raising US$500 million (or S$666 million equivalent). To-date, SIA has successfully raised approximately $13.3 billion in additional liquidity since the beginning of the financial year.

Discussions on sale-and-leaseback transactions are at an advanced stage. SIA continues to have access to more than $2.1 billion in committed credit lines, along with the option to raise up to $6.2 billion in additional mandatory convertible bonds before the Annual General Meeting in July 2021.

Outlook

The resurgence of COVID19 infections as well as the spread of more transmissible variants of the virus continue to weigh on international air travel, as border controls and travel restrictions tighten in many countries. Nonetheless, in line with Singapore’s progressive re-opening, the group expects to see a measured expansion of the passenger network over the coming months.

Airfreight capacity remains constrained due to the steep reduction in passenger flights, and this has affected the bellyhold cargo capacity worldwide. While cargo demand has tapered off after the traditional year-end peak period, strong fundamentals and healthy Purchasing Managers’ Index readings across many key export economies will continue to support cargo demand in the coming months. Furthermore, as the production of COVID19 vaccine ramps up, SIA Cargo is looking to capture its share of the traffic to Asia and the Southwest Pacific region.

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